Browsed by
Author: Hoy

Nutritional Facts of Mulberries

Nutritional Facts of Mulberries

 

Mulberries are sweet and juicy fruits produced by Morus (Mulberry tree), Mulberries have numerous nutritional and health benefits. A towing company owner in Hendersonville, TN which we used to help move mature trees has recently changed his life by juicing these heavenly berries.

In the ancient times, mostly in North America and Asia mulberry trees were grown for their leaves, but due to their delicious flavor and the nutritional benefits, the Mulberries are gradually attracting interest in the entire world.

Nutritional Facts Of Mulberries

1. Mulberries are a good source of iron, which is hardly found in the berries,They have 1.85mg/100g of fruits which is about 23% of the Recommended Daily Intake (RDI). Iron is an important component of hemoglobin as it determines the ability of blood to carry oxygen.

2. Minerals like magnesium, potassium, and manganese can be found in the Mulberries.

Potassium is essential for the body as it aids in controlling your blood pressure and heart rate. On the other hand, Manganese is used as a coenzyme for superoxide dismutase (the antioxidant enzyme).

3. Mulberries have plenty of vitamin k and a group of vitamins known as B-complex. Folic acid, vitamin B-6, riboflavin, and niacin are also available in good amounts. The function of these vitamins is to help in the metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates in your body.

4. Fiber can also be found in Mulberries, the fibers found are both soluble (25%) and insoluble (75%). Fiber is important to your body as it lowers cholesterol levels, decreases disease risks and ensures that you have a healthy digestive system.

5. The berries are a good source of vitamin C (36.4 mg per 100 which is approximately 61% of the RDI) taking foods that have generous amounts of vitamin C help your body become resistant to any infection causing agents. Vitamin C is also a great, natural oxidant.

6. The mouth-watering mulberries contain just a few calories (43 calories per 100g), consumption of mulberries enhances Phytonutrient compounds, e.g. minerals, Polyphenol pigment antioxidants and vitamins that are of great importance for your optimal health.

7. Zea-xanthin, a dietary carotenoid which main focus is in the retinal Macula Lutea where it offers protection to the retina by filtering’ the light so as the ultra-violet rays cannot cause harm to your eyes.

8. Since the juicy mulberries contain good amounts of Anthocyanins (Phenolic Flavonoid Phytochemicals), studies have indicated that if you consume the berries you reduce health risks against diseases like diabetes, cancer, heart diseases, bacterial infections and also neurological diseases.

9. Resveratrol, (also a Polyphenol Flavonoid antioxidant) which is found in the berries can protect you from the risk of stroke by making alterations on molecular mechanisms found in the blood vessels.

10. Other vitamins found in mulberries are:

Vitamin K1 – also referred to as Phylloquinone, it is essential for healthy bones and clotting of the blood.

Vitamin E- this is an oxidant that protects one against oxidative harm.

Conclusion

Some plant compounds found in mulberries are: Chlorogenic acid, Myricetin, Cyanidins, Anthocyanins, and Rutin.

Berries with deep colors and the mature ones have high amounts of plant compounds and greater capacity of antioxidant than the immature and colorless berries.

It is possible for mulberries to have different colors, various antioxidant properties and even varied amount of plant compound even if they are of similar species.

Written by: leila2

Best Climate and Soil Type for Mulberry Bushes

Best Climate and Soil Type for Mulberry Bushes

 

Mulberry bushes are plants of the genus Mora. They used to be more popular than they are today and were planted for ornamental purposes or for the fruit they produced. Despite the mulberry’s decline in popularity over the past few decades, these hardy, fruit-bearing trees are beginning to come back into the limelight as many people recognize the benefits they can provide. The mulberry bush comes in a few different varieties, including black mulberries (M. nigra), red mulberries (M. rubra), and white mulberries (m. alba). There are also various hybrid strains which combine the red mulberry bush and the white mulberry bush. If you’re interested in planting a mulberry tree, the first thing you’ll want to do is select one of these cultivars. The mulberry bush can do surprisingly well in a range of soils and climates, but each one of these cultivars will do better in certain regions. For the most part, all three cultivars will prosper in any area that is not excessively cold and tend to do well in loamy soil.

Black Mulberry Tree
The black mulberry bush is the type of mulberry you’re going to want to plant if you’re interested in harvesting the fruit. The fruit of the other bushes tends to not be overly-edible. They are originally from western Asia, and are the smallest of the three main types of mulberries, reaching about 30 feet in height. Black mulberries should be planted in USDA zone 6 or warmer, and prefer rich and well-drained soil, so water regularly to avoid premature fruit drops. If you want delicious fruit and to be able to make great wine or pies, the black mulberry tree is for you.

Red Mulberry Tree
The red mulberry tree is native to North America and is used more for ornamental purposes than for the fruit it produces. Although all mulberry plants are pretty hardy, the red mulberry tree tends to be hardier than the black mulberry tree and does best in deep, rich soil. For this reason, make sure to water the soil around the tree fairly regularly. The red mulberry bush does best in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 8. They can grow to around 70 feet tall.

White Mulberry Tree
The white mulberry plant was imported to North America from China to help attract silkworms and aid in silk production. Today, like the red mulberry tree, it’s used more for ornamental purposes than for its fruit. This bush thrives in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 8. This tenacious plant can thrive in a wide variety of soils, from rich to poor, alkaline or acidic. You will want to make sure the soil is well-drained and evenly moist, however – these trees are mostly drought-resistant but still prefer the well-drained soil. They can grow to about 80 feet in height in the right conditions.

Red-White Hybrid Mulberry Tree
Since the introduction of the white mulberry tree from China, they have begun to hybridize with the native North American red mulberry tree. These bushes are popular and can produce large and edible fruit, which varies in color reflecting its shared parentage. Popular breeds include the Downing and the Illinois Everbearing. Hybrid mulberry trees can thrive in alkaline or acidic soil, and do well in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 8.

Additional Tips
You can plant a mulberry bush pretty much all year round, but you won’t want to plant if temperatures are frigid (below 30 degrees Fahrenheit) or excessively warm (above 90 degrees). The great thing about mulberry trees is that they maintain themselves well, but you will still want to water them about twice a week to ensure that the soil is rich and well-drained.

 

Written by: Peter M

Proper Care for a Mulberry Bush

Proper Care for a Mulberry Bush

 

 

Growing mulberries is an excellent choice and although maintaining proper care for a mulberry bush is fairly easy, the berries have a short shelf life so they aren’t often offered in supermarkets. However, if you plant your own mulberry bush and maintain it properly, it will soon grow into a tree that will provide an abundant amount of berries.

Proper care for a mulberry bush includes the following;

  • Choosing the right soil. The perfect soil for mulberry trees is slightly acidic with a pH value somewhere between 5.5 and 6.5. It is not recommendable to plant them in areas where floods are frequent because they prefer deep soils with good drainage.
  • Preparing the hole and planting the bush. The planting hole needs to be three times the width of the pot and you should use some compost for the best results. Don’t bury the root too deep into the soil and water the plants so the roots can settle.
  • Fertilizing the tree once or twice a year. Mulberry tree fertilizers that contain iron, zinc, magnesium, manganese, copper, boron and molybdenum are recommended. Avoid using fertilizers too close to the trunk but instead spread them evenly under the canopy.
  • Watering the plant once or twice a week. The tree needs at least an inch of water weekly so if there was sufficient rain, you don’t need to water the tree. If you do water, soak the root system completely over the course of about 45 minutes.
  • Pruning the tree in the winter. Be sure to remove the diseased, crossed or dead branches and follow the shape of the tree. Never make cuts that are over 2 inches in diameter as this can cause irreparable damage.
  • Controlling pests and diseases. This would include spraying the tree to prevent white peach scales, removing the infected fruit from the tree, and applying fungicide treatment to prevent powdery mildew.

Written by: Paulynn

A Guide for Growing a Mulberry Bush

A Guide for Growing a Mulberry Bush

 

It is good to understand that a mulberry bush has a spreading habit and becomes gnarled and crooked as it grows. Mulberry grow best in soils that are able to hold moisture but well drained. This is the basic information to anyone interested in growing mulberries for commercial and domestic purposes.

Elaborated below is a guide to establishing a mulberry bush.

Propagation

Mulberry bush seedlings can be propagated in the following ways

a) Wood cuttings

Wood cuttings is the most reliable propagation method.

· Cut developed shoots, 30- 40 cm long and treat with hormone rooting chemical.

· Prepare a nursery bed and insert the cuttings 15-20 cm in the soil and water them regularly.

· These cuttings are prepared when the mulberry bush has shed off their leaves

b) Seed

· Gather mulberries when they are ripe.

· Soak the berries in water for 24 hours to soften.

· Air dry the softened seeds and avoid direct sunlight.

· Germinate the seeds in the cold.

· Check the seeds for germination.

Planting

Plant mulberry bush seedlings when the soil is warm and conducive for root development. Ensure the roots are not over established and are healthy.

Dig holes on the soil and Space 5-10M (16-33ft) from each seedling to allow space for their spreading nature.

Feeding

Apply a general fertilizer 70g-80g per square meter and mulch preferably well rotten manure.

After planting ensure the seedlings are watered during early seasons to ensure the plant is healthy in the future.

Pruning and training mulberry bush

Note that a mulberry bush should be trimmed when the tree has dominantly established and recommended after leave fall to reduce sap bleeding from the cuts on the mulberry tree.

Cut off the shoots that are not well placed, dead, overcrowded and leader stems to about 4.5 -5.5 ft. above upcoming shoots.

Use forked sticks to support hanging branches.

Avoid over pruning a mulberry bush.

Harvesting

Fruiting takes about eight to nine years after planting.

Gather ripe berries by shaking branches with ripe mulberry over spread sheets on the ground direct to the branch.

Avoid fruit stains on your clothes and hands by wearing protective clothing and gloves.

Mulberries are not prone to diseases but it always good to look for the following

  • Bacteria leaf spots cut and burn them
  • Pests especially birds and take measures to control them.

In conclusion, establishing a well producing mulberry bush takes hard work and determination. Test your soil PH and nutrient levels to determine which soils are fit. This information is important when applying fertilizers.

The picking season lasts about a month in the months of August and September.

Written By: Morgan E.